pella, jordan map

Pella is of great importance to archaeologists because it … [12], In what is known as the "flight to Pella", sometime before the Roman destruction of Jerusalem in 70 CE, tradition holds that a Jewish-Christian sect of Nazoreans made their way to Pella and settled in the city which became a Jewish Christian hub during the early days of Christianity. Irbid Governorate Map; Irbid Governorate Travel Guide; All Irbid Governorate Hotels; Irbid Governorate Hotel Deals; By Hotel Type. Jordan. [31] Australian archaeologists discovered a Mameluke mosque and administrative compound (ca. According to Josephus, Scaurus[which?] To reach the site from the main road at the city of al-Mashari’a, hike two kilometers up the path to the east of the road. } https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pella,_Jordan&oldid=1007991413, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from December 2020, Articles with disputed statements from December 2020, Articles with disputed statements from December 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2019, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from December 2019, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from December 2020, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from December 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 February 2021, at 00:19. [26] A Bishop's palace from ca. Pella from Mapcarta, the free map. Pella (Greek: Πέλλα, Hebrew: פחל‎) is located in northwest Jordan at a rich water source within the eastern foothills of the Jordan Valley, close to the modern village of Ṭabaqat Faḥl (Arabic: طبقة فحل‎) some 27 km (17 mi) south of the Sea of Galilee (Lake Tiberias). Pella is in Northern Jordan. Bible History 1800-1200 BCE), as well as a Late Bronze Egyptian governors's residence from ca. 04 Pella Mountain Trail - At The Entrance of Pella - panoramio.jpg 2,048 × 1,536; 810 KB font-weight: 400 !important; Pella was one of eleven administrative districts (toparchies) in Roman Judea. Schumacher, G. (1888) Pella. Pella was the Canaanite Pehel, mentioned in early Egyptian inscriptions and the Amarna records. [20] During the outbreak of the First Jewish-Roman War, when the Syrian inhabitants of Caesarea had slain its Jewish citizens, there was a general Jewish uprising against neighboring Syrian villages, who sought revenge for the murder of their countrymen, during which time Pella was ransacked and destroyed. The History of Rome - Brief Overview Of Roman History from Her Dawn to the First Punic War. [12] Australian archaeologists also discovered Middle and Late Bronze Age temples and palatial residences (ca. Ancient Jerusalem - Interactive Study of Jerusalem with Map. .footer-blurb.grey { Timelines & Charts. University of Sydney digs unearthed the theatre, baths, and nymphaeum of the Roman city of ca. The site has been continuously occupied since Neolithic times. [citation needed] An Abbasid khan (caravanserai) dating to ca. The site is situated 130 km (81 mi) north of Amman, a drive of about an hour and a half (due to the difficult terrain), and is a shorter half an hour by car from Irbid, in the north of the country. [12] On the tell,[which?] Picture Study Bible - StudyBible with Pictures and Maps. Wooster stopped excavations in 1985, but the Australian project continues. [24] Similarly to Epiphanius, Eusebius of Caesarea recounts how Pella was a refuge for Jerusalem Christians who were fleeing the First Jewish–Roman War in the 1st century CE. .footer-blurb h4 { } The site is situated 130 km (81 mi) north of Amman, a drive of about an hour and a half (due to the difficult terrain), and is a shorter half an hour by car from Irbid, in the north of the country. Copyright © 2020 Bible History [12], Late 16th century Ottoman defters list a village called Fahl el Tahta in the administrative district of Ajlun where wheat, barley, and sesame were grown and taxes collected on goats, beehives and water-driven mills. [2], Philippeia is another name of the city from the Roman period,[8] Home » Pella. .soc-icon { Pella has been almost continuously occupied since Neolithic times. Understand []. It was one of the two oldest Greek settlements in eastern Palestine over the Jordan along with Dion. Read more about this site. The name occurs in … Mark Wilson describes a visit to Pella, an ancient city located in the Perean foothills of the Jordan River where Jesus’ followers sought refuge while escaping Jerusalem’s destruction. The history and geography of Jordan have been shaped over thousands of years. [14], "Fahl" redirects here. } [citation needed], In the late Roman and Byzantine periods, the town extended over the ancient tell (archaeological mound), across the broad central valley of the town today known as the Wadi al-Jirm (see photograph), and over the slopes and summit of the southern hill known as Tell al-Husn. It is said to belong to Decapolis” (de Mens. } Clicking on the pictures enlarges them and enables you to send the picture as a free e-card or download it for personal use, for instance, on your weblog. .footer-blurb-item h3 { Map of Eusebius, Onomasticon places it 21 Roman miles S. of Pella. The University of Sydney's Pella Excavation Project discovered at Tabaqat Fahl the remains of Neolithic housing dated to ca. @media screen and (max-width: 1199px) { The earliest mention of the city is in Egyp. Walmsley, A.G. (1992) Fihl (Pella) and the Cities of North Jordan during the Umayyad and Abbasid Periods. [12] Recent work on the tell has identified widespread rebuilding following the 749 earthquake, as indicated by wall foundations, plastered floors and refuse pits filled with finely worked bone and moulded glassware. Jordan is 80 percent desert but also contains diverse areas of forests, canyons and wetlands. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Ancient Documents [2] It is not possible to assess after which Ptolemid the city was renamed, possible candidates being the wife of Ptolemy I, a daughter of Ptolemy II, and the wife of Ptolemy III. Buhl (GAP, 259) objects to the identification that Tell 'Amateh corresponds to the Asophon of … [17], Re-established as an urban centre under the early Seleucids, its ancient name must still have been known, for its new, Greek name was a close synonym, Pella - the birthplace of Alexander the Great in Macedon. [citation needed], On the plain of the Jordan Valley below Pella, a historically decisive battle took place in January 635 CE (13 AH) between a Muslim army and the Byzantine forces stationed at Pella and Scythopolis (Beit She'an; Beisan). Pella is located 30 kilometers north of Deir Alla on the Jordan Valley Road. The fertility of the hot Jordan Valley, the grasslands on the hills above it, and the oak forests of the highest mountains provide an enchanting natural backdrop to the trek between historic sites from the past two millennia and beyond. .social-container { Pella, Jordan. [10], The Arab geographer of Greek origin, Yaqut (1179–1229), could find no Arabic meaning for the modern name Fahl and believed it to be of foreign origin.[2]. Details. 4 PELLA REST-HOUSE Built in 1993 and designed by Ammar Khammash, the rest-house is modelled on the traditional Ottoman (16th―20th century AD) dwellings of Jordan. Description. color: #333 !important; Original Bible History Online - Visit the original site 1999-2016. History Directly across the Jordan from that spot I noticed two things. [19] If these cities had previously dated their years from their foundation under Alexander the Great or Seleucis I Nicator, they now honoured Pompey by counting 63 BC as a new "Year One". PELLA pĕl’ ə. A Harmony of the Life of Jesus - Four gospel accounts in harmony. Pella (known in Arabic as Tabaqat Fahl (طبقة فحل)) is a village and the site of ancient ruins in northwestern Jordan, some 130 km north of Amman in the Jordan River Valley. Bourke noted how such large structural projects rather mirrored the importance of Jordan’s Pella during the Bronze Age. [6], Berenike in Greek, often Latinised to Berenice, is another name of Pella from the Hellenistic period, based on only one source: Stephanos. 30 square km around the city. Media in category "Pella, Jordan" The following 101 files are in this category, out of 101 total. Lost Laughs - Ancient Humor. Irbid Governorate Motels; Irbid … [2][7] Cohen presumes that under Seleucid rule, the city reverted right away to being called Pella. Pella, ancient capital of King Archelaus of Macedonia at the end of the 5th century bc and birthplace of Alexander the Great. On migrating from it they settled at Pella, the town already indicated, across the Jordan. Pella was incorporated within Roman Judaean territory[dubious – discuss] (Jewish Wars 3.5). Pella (Ancient Greek: Πέλλα, also known in Arabic as Tabaqat Fahl, طبقة فحل) is found in northwestern Jordan, 27.4 km (17 miles) south of the Sea of Galilee. font-family: Roboto !important; Pella, however, is consistently a "Decapolis" city, and the city in the northernmost bounds of the region known as Perea. Position your mouse over the map and use your mouse-wheel to zoom in or out. Ancient Egypt 1800 BCE boasted massive mud-brick city walls. Maps & Geography Messianic Prophecies Accordingly, the archaeological record shows no disruption attributable to the arrival of Islam, as was the case for nearly all the towns of Bilad al-Sham. It is half an hour by car from Irbid, in the north of the country.. Get in [] Get around [] See []. The stone and mudbrick two-storeyed houses on the top of the tell (main mound) collapsed in on themselves, thereby trapping the inhabitants – human and animal – and preserving a rich collection of finds sourced from distant regions, such as Egypt and the Arabian Peninsula. ", "Places: 678326 (Pella/Berenice/Philippeia)", The Near Eastern Archaeology Foundation, University of Sydney: Pella, Ben Churcher, The Discovery of Pella's Canaanite temple. Weather Forecast. Maps are essential for any serious Bible study, they help students of the Scriptures understand the geographical locations and historical backgrounds of the places mentioned in the Bible. From Josephus, it is clear that Pella had been damaged and so needed some restoration by Pompey decades afterwards, but his specific reference to the destruction of Pella by Jannaeus because its inhabitants refusing to follow Jewish customs, seems to refer to a different place (Antiquities, XIII.395-397): it is listed as if amongst southern Levantine cities and out of its more normal sequence between Gadara, Gerasa and Scythopolis. 150 CE. Images & Art .container { Book your hotel in Pella Pella was the Canaanite Pehel, mentioned in early Egyptian inscriptions and the Amarna records. To that end, historically, the ancient city was even mentioned in the 19th century BC Egyptian execration texts, and as such is often considered as one of the earliest walled townships in the region of Jordan and the Levant. Being part of the province of Palaestina Secunda ("second Palestine"), it certainly had a bishop by the year AD 451. Map size: 18 inches x 24 inches | Fits 18x24 size frame (or 18x24 Mat Opening) | Frame not included | Archival quality reproduction 1869 Map | Birds eye view of Pella, Marion County, Iowa, 1869. et Pond., 15). Ancient Israel Pella represents one of the Decapolis cities that were founded during the Hellenistic period and became powerful under Roman jurisdiction. b.c. [citation needed], Evidence for a presence in the Crusader period (12th century CE) is slight – a few pottery sherds only – but in the following Ayyubid and Mamluk periods the flat summit of the tell was inhabited by a large village, featuring a stone-built mosque with a minbar (pulpit), residential compounds defined by lane ways, and a large cemetery. Pella. The Tabernacle of Ancient Israel - Brief Overview of the Tabernacle of Moses in the Wilderness and the Ark of the Covenant. [clarification needed] By the Byzantine era, Pella had reached its maximum size and, probably, prosperity. [32], The site was first published as part of a regional survey by G. Schumacher,[33] but the first excavation was conducted by Funk and Richardson only in 1958, revealing Bronze and Iron Age material in two soundings. [35] A joint project with the University of Sydney (Australia), but with separate excavation teams and seasons, explored the city from 1978–1985. background: url('/images/social_sprite.png') no-repeat; In Islamic times, after 635 CE, the town became part of the Jund al-Urdunn (Province of Jordan), but in time was negatively impacted by natural calamities and eclipsed by the geo-political successes of the nearby towns of Amman, Beisan and especially Tabariyah (Tiberias). color: #333 !important; At least three triapsidal churches have been identified within the city: the West Church at the western foot of the tell; the Civic Complex church in the Wadi al-Jirm at the southeast foot of the tell and which, due to its size and location, was probably the cathedral; and the elevated East Church on the higher slopes of the Jebel Abu el-Khas. It was a city of Decapolis and after A.D. 70 became a center of the Christian community and refugees from Judea. .footer-blurb-item { The city lay in northern Greece, about 24 miles (39 km) northwest of Thessaloníki. [16] A group of cities claiming Greek Hellenistic foundations asked Pompey for freedom from the threat of incorporation within Rome's new client-state of Hasmonaean Judaea. [2] The Macedonian name Berenike was often used in the royal family of Ptolemaic Egypt, who conquered southern Syria and thus Pella in 301, and ruled over the city until 218 BCE, when they lost it to the Seleucid king Antiochos III. Dealer: Michael D. Heaston Rare Books and Mss., Wichita, KS. 5 EAST CHURCH Built around 575 AD and out of use by 850 AD, the east church is one of three Byzantine churches excavated at Pella. The access streets were lined with newly built shops and large buildings, serving both commercial and residential functions. See more » Alexander the Great Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 BC – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great (Aléxandros ho Mégas), was a king (basileus) of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty. [11] During the Hellenistic period, the town formed with other like-minded towns in the region a political and cultural league known as the "Decapolis",[dubious – discuss] an alliance that grew in stature and economic importance to become regionally influential under Roman jurisdiction. [36] Between 1994 and 1996, Pam Watson (at the time, Asst Director of the British Institute at 'Amman) and Dr Margaret O'Hea of the University of Adelaide conducted the Pella Hinterland Survey to identify land-use in an area approx. [23], Epiphanius claims that after the destruction, some returned to Jerusalem. Pella is a favourite of archaeologists as it is exceptionally rich in antiquities, some of which are exceedingly old. .footer-blurb.grey h4 { Personal travel impressions both in words and images from Pella (Jordan). Pella represents one of ten Decapolis cities that were founded during the Hellenistic period and became powerful under Roman jurisdiction. [13] A Canaanite temple was uncovered between 1994 and 2003. [14] The official University of Sydney excavation page only mentions Early Bronze Age stone defensive platforms from ca. 6000 BCE. background-color: #F7F7F7 !important; Several of these houses suffered what appears to be the same fiery destruction in the Late Hellenistic period. [2] Stephanos (fl. 550 CE was also discovered. Israel in the First Century Ancient Greece } Josephus mentions that Pella was one the cities freed by Pompey which was also indicated on various coins. [2] For the Greek meaning of the name, see the Etymology paragraph in the article on the original Pella. color: #333 !important; Illustrated History Pella is located about 40 minutes south of Umm Qais on Route 65 and about 1.5 hours north of Amman, in the foothills of the Jordan Valley/River. Jordan × ... You can customize the map before you print! In 63 BCE, the Roman General Pompey integrated the region into the Eastern portion of the Roman Empire, converting the old Seleucid empire into the province of Coele-Syria and incorporating Judaea as a client kingdom. Click the map and drag to move the map around. [1], The Semitic name of the ancient, pre-Hellenistic site, was Pahil or Pihil. [13], In May 2010 Bourke announced to the press the discovery of a city wall and other structures dating back to 3400 BCE and some even to 3600 BCE, indicating that the city standing at the top of Pella's Tell Husn at the time was a "formidable" city-state around 3400-3200 BCE, at the same time the cities of Sumer were taking shape. JORDAN MAP. [28], Umayyad Pella, which by the eighth century CE had officially returned to its original Semitic name of Fihl (variant of Pihil), was totally devastated by the massive 749 Galilee earthquake, as a Jordan Valley rift fault line runs directly under the site. color: #333 !important; It was originally a Greek town and subsequently went through Roman, Byzantine, and Islamic periods. the entire summit was leveled off and a new gridded urban zone constructed during the time of the Byzantine emperor Justinian I. padding: 30px 0; Hütteroth, W.D. According to historian Edward Gibbon, the early Church of Jerusalem fled to Pella after the ruin of the temple, staying there until their return during the reign of Emperor Hadrian, making it a secondary pilgrimage site for early Christians and modern Christians today. 6th century CE), a quite late source, seems to indicate that it was founded by Alexander himself,[4] and Ptolemy III Euergetes is another possible founder. The Civic Complex at the base of the mound of ancient Pella includes a large columned church from the Byzantine period. The History of Rome - Brief Overview Of Roman History from Her Dawn to the First Punic War. background-color: #F7F7F7 !important; #1 Pella, Jordan Ancient Site Updated: 2020-05-15 Pella is found in northwestern Jordan, at the modern town of Tabaqat Fahl, ) 27.4 km south of the Sea of Galilee. The results were published in Smith and Day, (1973), Graf, D.F. View in Google Maps. S. McPhillips and A.G. Walmsley (2007), Fahl during the Early Mamluk Period: archaeological perspectives. Before writing my doctoral thesis two decades ago, the only Pella that I knew about was a small town in south central Iowa famous for its windows and doors. Indexed for points of interest. [12], The Middle Bronze Age city of ca. [3] It is not known (as of 2006) who founded the Hellenistic town of Pella in Transjordan, which makes it hard to assess who exactly gave it its Greek name and precisely why. Pella is the name of Alexander the Great's birthplace in Macedonia. } The Tabernacle of Ancient Israel - Brief Overview of the Tabernacle of Moses in the Wilderness and the Ark of the Covenant. Map of New Testament Israel (Click to Enlarge) "laid waste the country around Pella" (The Jewish War 1.8.1). [dubious – discuss] The urban heart of the Iron Age city-kingdom seems to have suffered a major destruction in the later 9th century, from which it did not recover. background: #F7F7F7 !important; Pella was rebuilt by the Greeks under the Greek name Pella. 1350 BCE containing clay tablets. We pulled out the Oxford map of Galilee in the time of Jesus and quickly located Aenon near Salim, just south of Scythopolis, or Beth Shean today. [15], The city was first mentioned in the 19th century BCE in Egyptian execration texts, and it continued to flourish throughout the Bronze Age. [citation needed]. Shobak is one of Jordan's most significant and impressive historical sites located on the road to Petra about 190km (118 miles) south of Amman where stands an impressive castle as a lonely reminder of former Crusader glory. Pella was rebuilt by the Greeks under the Greek name Pella. Bible Roman Empire Map - Large Map of the Roman Empire in the Early First Century - Click around on the Places. Pella. Pella is not mentioned in the Bible, but it was an important city both before and after the Bible was written. Ancient Other [25] Pella is alleged to have been the site of one of Christianity's earliest churches, but no evidence has been found of this. For the ice hockey league, see, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. Located 96 km (60 miles) northwest of Amman, Pella, known in Arabic as Tabaqat Fahl, is one of the most ancient sites in Jordan and a favorite of archaeologists being exceptionally rich in antiquities. Originally known as Bounomos, the city developed rapidly under Philip II, but, after the Ancient Rome 950 CE was unearthed at Pella. Description Legal. padding-left: 15px; Both rang different bells in my head. [2] Pehal is the name under which the city is mentioned in early Egyptian (Bronze Age) historical texts.[3]. Of Sydney digs unearthed the theatre, baths, and nymphaeum of the Christian community and refugees from.... 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Northern Greece, about 24 miles ( 39 km ) northwest of Thessaloníki was written Amman! Well as a Late Bronze Egyptian governors 's residence from ca around Pella (! Of Jerusalem with Map settlements in eastern Palestine over the Jordan Valley Road antiquities, some returned to.! King Archelaus of Macedonia at the base of the Tabernacle of ancient Pella, Jordan: a of... Epiphanius claims that after the destruction, some of which are exceedingly Old ] an Abbasid (! Project continues both in words and images from Pella ( Jordan ) and. Excavations in 1985, but it was a city of ca bourke, S. ( 1997 ) Pella! The cause is not mentioned in the article on the tell, [ which? ] territory [ –!: archaeological perspectives lay in northern Greece, about 24 miles ( 39 )...

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